Foreign nationals wishing to work in Canada on a temporary basis usually require a work permit. Two of the main programs through which work permits are issued are the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) and the International Mobility Program (IMP).
The TFWP offers work permits for candidates whose employers obtain a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). A positive LMIA confirms there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job at hand and that no Canadian worker is available to do the job.
IMP work permits do not require a positive LMIA.
They ask employers to post job offers on their recruitment portal.
Canada issues two types of work permits:
- employer-specific work permits.
- open work permits.
Employer-specific work permit
Employer-specific work permit includes conditions such as: Name of specific employer, Applicant How long can the applicant work, Candidate’s workplace. Applicants for an employer-specific work permit must have a positive Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) or a job offer from the employer before applying.
Open Work Permit
Open Work Permit allows you to work for any employer in Canada, but it is only issued in specific circumstances.
Work permit exemption
Some occupations are exempt from work permit requirements.
Temporary Foreign Worker Program TFWP aims to help Canadian employers recruit foreign workers to fill labor market shortages.
The PTET is made up of four streams: Highly Skilled Worker, Low-Skilled Worker, Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program, and Live-in Caregiver Program.
Foreign workers must have a job offer and an approved work permit before coming to Canada under the TFWP.
Through the LMIA, IRCC works with Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) to ensure that foreign workers do not accept jobs that are otherwise available to Canadian citizens or permanent residents.
Frequently Asked Questions
The Comprehensive Ranking System is a points-based system used to assess and score a candidate's profile to rank them in the Express Entry pool. Points are awarded for factors including age, education, language proficiency in English or French, work experience (both in Canada and internationally), and other factors. The higher the score, the better the chances of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residency.